Is Klinefelter Syndrome A Disability?

Is Klinefelter syndrome the same as Down syndrome?

Down’s syndrome has its own dysmorphic findings and is accompanied by mental retardation and hypotonia.

Klinefelter’s syndrome is a syndrome caused by a numerical abnormality that affects male physical and cognitive development..

How do you get tested for Klinefelter syndrome?

Blood or urine samples can reveal abnormal hormone levels that are a sign of Klinefelter syndrome. Chromosome analysis. Also called karyotype analysis, this test is used to confirm a diagnosis of Klinefelter syndrome. A blood sample is sent to the lab to check the shape and number of chromosomes.

What causes Klinefelter?

Klinefelter syndrome is caused by an additional X chromosome. This chromosome carries extra copies of genes, which interfere with the development of the testicles and mean they produce less testosterone (male sex hormone) than usual.

What is the most common treatment for Klinefelter syndrome?

Treatment of Klinefelter Syndrome One common treatment is testosterone replacement therapy. It can start at puberty and can spur typical body changes, such as facial hair and a deeper voice. It can also help with penis size and stronger muscles and bones, but it won’t affect testicle size or fertility.

Which parent is responsible for Klinefelter syndrome?

The mother is responsible for passing on one X chromosome to her child and the father may provide another X chromosome for a daughter or a Y chromosome for a son. A boy born with Klinefelter syndrome has an extra X chromosome that is believed to be caused by a random error.

What limitations does a person with Klinefelter syndrome have?

Klinefelter syndrome may increase the risk of: Anxiety and depression. Social, emotional and behavioral problems, such as low self-esteem, emotional immaturity and impulsiveness. Infertility and problems with sexual function.

What type of disorder is Klinefelter syndrome?

Klinefelter syndrome is a sex chromosome disorder in boys and men that results from the presence of an extra X chromosome in cells. People typically have 46 chromosomes in each cell, two of which are the sex chromosomes. Females have two X chromosomes (46,XX), and males have one X and one Y chromosome (46,XY).

Who is most likely to get Klinefelter syndrome?

Klinefelter syndrome occurs in about 1 out of 500 to 1,000 baby boys. Women who get pregnant after age 35 are slightly more likely to have a boy with this syndrome than younger women.

Does Klinefelter syndrome cause mental retardation?

Klinefelter syndrome (KS) has not typically been associated with mental retardation (MR), however, in recent years a growing body of evidence suggested that KS boys often experience language deficits and academic difficulties.

Can a female have Klinefelter’s syndrome?

Klinefelter syndrome (47,XXY) results from an additional X chromosome on an XY background; therefore, this condition affects only males.

Are there any support groups for Klinefelter syndrome?

AAKSIS (pronounced “access”) is a national voluntary organization with the mission of education, support, research and understanding of XXY and its variants, collectively known as Klinefelter syndrome.

Can a man with Klinefelter syndrome have babies naturally?

The vast majority of men with Klinefelter syndrome are infertile and can’t father a child the usual way. Options for becoming natural parents are limited, but fertility researchers are working on new treatments.

What is the quality of life with Klinefelter syndrome?

A Danish survey report, by Skakkebæk et al, indicated that persons with Klinefelter syndrome tend to have reduced mental and physical quality of life, caused directly by Klinefelter syndrome and indirectly by factors that, compared with controls, include lower levels of income, physical activity, and sexual function.