- How many nitrogenous bases are there in DNA?
- Which enzyme is responsible for assembling the DNA double helix?
- When a double helix of DNA is replicated?
- Which enzyme is responsible for unzipping the DNA double helix quizlet?
- What is a daughter strand?
- Does DNA polymerase make covalent bonds?
- Why must DNA strands unzip first?
- What is true about unzipping DNA?
- What puts DNA back together?
- Which enzyme is responsible for facilitating?
- What is the first step in DNA replication?
- Where does DNA unzipping happen?
- What are DNA components?
- Which enzyme is responsible for creating the covalent bonds?
How many nitrogenous bases are there in DNA?
fourBecause there are four naturally occurring nitrogenous bases, there are four different types of DNA nucleotides: adenine (A), thymine (T), guanine (G), and cytosine (C)..
Which enzyme is responsible for assembling the DNA double helix?
DNA polymeraseDuring separation, the two strands of the DNA double helix uncoil at a specific location called the origin. Several enzymes and proteins then work together to prepare, or prime, the strands for duplication. Finally, a special enzyme called DNA polymerase organizes the assembly of the new DNA strands.
When a double helix of DNA is replicated?
DNA replication is the process by which a double-stranded DNA molecule is copied to produce two identical DNA molecules. Replication is an essential process because, whenever a cell divides, the two new daughter cells must contain the same genetic information, or DNA, as the parent cell.
Which enzyme is responsible for unzipping the DNA double helix quizlet?
helicaseAnd what enzyme is responsible? The first step in DNA replication is to separate or unzip the two strands of the double helix. The enzyme in charge of this is called a helicase (because it unwinds the helix).
What is a daughter strand?
Daughter strand Refers to the newly synthesized strand of DNA that is copied via the addition of complementary nucleotides from one strand of pre-existing DNA during DNA replication.
Does DNA polymerase make covalent bonds?
The DNA double helix has two types of bonds, covalent and hydrogen. Covalent bonds exist within each linear strand and strongly bond bases, sugars, and phosphate groups (both within each component and between components). … After the primer has been synthesized, DNA polymerase then adds DNA to the 3′ end of the RNA.
Why must DNA strands unzip first?
To transcribe the genetic code, two nucleotide strands forming a double helix must be unwound and the complementary base pairs must be unzipped, opening a space for RNA to get access to the base pairs. The enzymatic force competing against the hydrogen bonds tries to pull apart two nucleotide strands.
What is true about unzipping DNA?
When a DNA molecule is unzipped by DNA Helicase, the bonds between adjoining nucleotide bases are broken. … Responsible for adding the correct nucleotides to create the complimentary strand to each original DNA strand.
What puts DNA back together?
DNA polymerase is the enzyme that matches and lays down nucleotides to build the daughter DNA strand along each parent DNA strand. Now we’re left with all these Okazaki fragments that are separate from each other, so they need to be joined together by the enzyme DNA ligase.
Which enzyme is responsible for facilitating?
Which enzyme is responsible for facilitating the hydrogen bonding between nucleotides in a new DNA molecule? Polymerase.
What is the first step in DNA replication?
The first step in DNA replication is to ‘unzip’ the double helix structure of the DNA? molecule. This is carried out by an enzyme? called helicase which breaks the hydrogen bonds? holding the complementary? bases? of DNA together (A with T, C with G).
Where does DNA unzipping happen?
However, DNA does not unzip entirely. It unzips in a small area called a replication fork, which then moves down the entire length of the molecule. Let’s look at the details: An enzyme called DNA gyrase makes a nick in the double helix and each side separates.
What are DNA components?
DNA is made of chemical building blocks called nucleotides. These building blocks are made of three parts: a phosphate group, a sugar group and one of four types of nitrogen bases. To form a strand of DNA, nucleotides are linked into chains, with the phosphate and sugar groups alternating.
Which enzyme is responsible for creating the covalent bonds?
Answer. DNA nNucleotides is responsible for creating the covalent bonds (specifically phosphodiester bonds) that connect the sugar-phosphate backbone of the new dna molecules.