What Are The 5 Standard Precautions For Infection Control?

What is the difference between standard and additional infection control precaution?

Rationale: Additional precautions are measures used in addition to Standard Precautions when extra practices are required to prevent transmission of specific infectious diseases..

What is the best way to control the spread of infection List 2 examples?

Wash your hands before and after handling food. Avoid touching your hair, nose or mouth. Keep hot food hot and cold food cold. Use separate storage, utensils and preparation surfaces for cooked and uncooked foods.

How do you practice infection control?

What is Infection Control?Hand Washing.Infection control standard, contact, droplet and airborne precautions.Procedures for decontamination of persons and disinfection of equipment and the environment.Quarantine of contacts (if necessary)Prophylaxis of exposed individuals.Control of the vectors of infection.

When should standard precautions be used?

Healthcare workers must use standard precautions: when caring for all patients, regardless of the patient’s perceived or actual infectious status. when handling blood and/or all other body substances, secretions and excretions (excluding sweat), non-intact skin or mucous membranes.

Why would you use additional precautions for infection control?

Additional Precautions are based on the mode of transmission of the causative organism. Additional Precautions are used as an adjunct to Routine Practices when microorganisms are: Highly infectious • Known to create severe disease • Difficult to treat (antibiotic resistant).

What are the 4 main universal precautions?

Standard Precautions apply to 1) blood; 2) all body fluids, secretions, and excretions, except sweat, regardless of whether or not they contain visible blood; 3) non-intact skin; and 4) mucous membranes.

What are the different types of precautions?

There are three types of transmission-based precautions–contact, droplet, and airborne – the type used depends on the mode of transmission of a specific disease.

Why standard precautions are important?

Standard precautions are meant to reduce the risk of transmission of bloodborne and other pathogens from both recognized and unrecognized sources. They are the basic level of infection control precautions which are to be used, as a minimum, in the care of all patients.

What is the difference between universal and standard precautions?

In 1996, the CDC expanded the concept and changed the term to standard precautions, which integrated and expanded the elements of universal precautions to include contact with all body fluids (except sweat), regardless of whether blood is present.

What is the 5 moments of hand hygiene?

Infection prevention and control Moment 1 – before touching a patient. Moment 2 – before a procedure. Moment 3 – after a procedure or body fluid exposure risk. … Moment 5 – after touching a patient’s surroundings.

What are the five basic principles for infection control?

These include standard precautions (hand hygiene, PPE, injection safety, environmental cleaning, and respiratory hygiene/cough etiquette) and transmission-based precautions (contact, droplet, and airborne).

What is the best method of infection control?

Hand hygiene is a major component of standard precautions and one of the most effective methods to prevent transmission of pathogens associated with health care.

What are the 3 levels of infection control?

There are three levels of decontamination: cleaning, disinfection and sterilization. 2.1. 8 Cleaning: A process which physically removes infectious agents and the organic matter on which they thrive but does not necessarily destroy infective agents.

What diseases are airborne precautions?

Diseases requiring airborne precautions include, but are not limited to: Measles, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Varicella (chickenpox), and Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Airborne precautions apply to patients known or suspected to be infected with microorganisms transmitted by airborne droplet nuclei.

What additional precautions should be taken?

Contact precautions are are the most common type of additional precautions. They are used in addition to routine practice for patients who are known or suspected to be infected with microorganisms that can be transferred by direct (touching) or indirect (shared equipment) contact.

What is universal safety precautions?

Universal Precautions. Use barrier protection at all times. Use gloves for protection when working with or around blood and body fluids. Change glove between patients. Use glasses, goggles, masks, shields, and waterproof gowns/aprons to protect face from splashes.

What are standard precautions in infection control?

Standard precautions are work practices required to achieve a basic level of infection control. They include: hand hygiene and cough etiquette. the use of personal protective equipment (PPE)…cleaning and disinfection.regular handwashing.exclusion and cohorting of ill people.

What are the 10 standard precautions?

Standard PrecautionsHand hygiene.Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).Sterile instruments and devices.More items…

What are the two basic goals of infection control?

The two basic goals of infection control are to protect the patient and health care personnel from infection. Infection control starts with standard precautions. Standard precautions are the methods recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for preventing the transmission of infections.