What Does Pachydermatous Mean?

What is heterodoxy mean?

1 : contrary to or different from an acknowledged standard, a traditional form, or an established religion : unorthodox, unconventional heterodox ideas.

2 : holding unorthodox opinions or doctrines a heterodox religious sect..

What is the meaning of opprobrium?

1 : something that brings disgrace. 2a : public disgrace or ill fame that follows from conduct considered grossly wrong or vicious Collaborators with the enemy did not escape the opprobrium of the townspeople.

What is heterodox thinking?

Heterodox economics is the analysis and study of economic principles considered outside of mainstream or orthodox schools of economic thought. … These schools of thought often combine the macroeconomic outlook found in Keynesian economics with approaches critical of neoclassical economics.

What does morass mean?

1 : marsh, swamp. 2a : a situation that traps, confuses, or impedes a legal morass. b : an overwhelming or confusing mass or mixture a morass of traffic jams— Mary Roach.

What are the 3 major theories of economics?

The three competing theories for economic contractions are: 1) the Keynesian, 2) the Friedmanite, and 3) the Fisherian. The Keynesian view is that normal economic contractions are caused by an insufficiency of aggregate demand (or total spending).

What is the meaning of callous?

1a : being hardened and thickened. b : having calluses callous hands. 2a : feeling no emotion. b : feeling or showing no sympathy for others : hard-hearted a callous indifference to suffering.

What is the difference between orthodox and heterodox economics?

Economics may be called orthodox or conventional economics by its critics. Alternatively, mainstream economics deals with the “rationality–individualism–equilibrium nexus” and heterodox economics is more “radical” in dealing with the “institutions–history–social structure nexus”.

Where can I study heterodox economics?

Heterodox Study ProgramsPhD Programs.American University, US.Central European University, Hungary.Colorado State University, US.Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.Gyeongsang National University, Korea.Institute of Social Studies (ISS), The Netherlands.Michigan State University, US.More items…

What does vituperation mean?

1 : sustained and bitter railing and condemnation : vituperative utterance. 2 : an act or instance of vituperating. Synonyms Choose the Right Synonym Example Sentences Learn More about vituperation.

How do you describe a callus?

A callus is an area of thickened skin that forms as a response to repeated friction, pressure, or other irritation. … Rubbing that is too frequent or forceful will cause blisters, as opposed to calluses, to form.

Which is the oldest school of philosophy?

SamkhyaSamkhya is the oldest of the orthodox philosophical systems, and it postulates that everything in reality stems from purusha (self or soul or mind) and prakriti (matter, creative agency, energy).

What is the modern economic theory?

Modern Monetary Theory or Modern Money Theory (MMT) is a heterodox macroeconomic theory that describes currency as a public monopoly and unemployment as evidence that a currency monopolist is overly restricting the supply of the financial assets needed to pay taxes and satisfy savings desires.

What is orthodox and heterodox?

In relation to religious life, orthodoxy means correct or sound belief according to an authoritative norm; heterodoxy refers to belief in a doctrine differing from the norm. …

Can a person be callous?

A callous person is insensitive or emotionally hardened. If you laugh at your little sister while she’s trying to show you her poetry, you’re being callous.

What does it mean to be an Orthodox?

Orthodox means adhering to accepted norms and creeds – especially in religion. In Christianity, the term means “conforming to the Christian faith as represented in the creeds of the early Church.” The Orthodox Church is one of the three main Christian groups – the others are the Roman Catholic and Protestant Churches.

Is Islam orthodoxy or Orthopraxy?

Islam generally stresses orthopraxy over orthodoxy, but since the practice is held to come from doctrine, this is essentially orthodoxy applied to practice.

What does Contumelious mean?

insolently abusive and humiliating: insolently abusive and humiliating.

What is orthodox economic theory?

Orthodox (or Neoclassical) Economics is the study of how humans make decisions in the face of scarcity. These can be individual decisions, family decisions, business decisions or societal decisions. … Scarcity means that human wants for goods, services and resources exceed what is available.