Which Disease Is Associated With Hepatitis B And C Infections?

What is the life expectancy of someone with hepatitis B?

The estimated carrier life expectancy is 71.8 years, as compared to 76.2 years among noncarriers (Figure ​ 5).

These results are consistent with other estimates, which indicate that 15% to 40% of HBV carriers die of liver complications..

What is the best treatment for hepatitis B?

Several antiviral medications — including entecavir (Baraclude), tenofovir (Viread), lamivudine (Epivir), adefovir (Hepsera) and telbivudine (Tyzeka) — can help fight the virus and slow its ability to damage your liver. These drugs are taken by mouth. Talk to your doctor about which medication might be right for you.

How does hepatitis B affect the liver?

What is hepatitis B? Hepatitis B is the most common serious liver infection in the world. It is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV), which attacks liver cells and can lead to cirrhosis, liver cancer, or liver failure. Studies show risk may be reduced if a hepatitis B infection is detected early and properly managed.

What infectious disease agent causes hepatitis A B and C?

Scientists have identified 5 unique hepatitis viruses, identified by the letters A, B, C, D, and E. While all cause liver disease, they vary in important ways. Hepatitis A virus (HAV) is present in the faeces of infected persons and is most often transmitted through consumption of contaminated water or food.

What does hepatitis B and C attack?

Hepatitis B and hepatitis C are both viral infections that attack the liver, and they have similar symptoms.

What happens if you have hepatitis AB and C?

But when they happen, the symptoms of types A, B, and C may include fatigue, nausea, poor appetite, belly pain, a mild fever, or yellow skin or eyes (jaundice). When hepatitis B and C become chronic, they may cause no symptoms for years. By the time there are any warning signs, the liver may already be damaged.

Why Hepatitis B is not curable?

Chronic hepatitis B hasn’t been cured so far in part because current therapies have failed to destroy the viral reservoir, where the virus hides in the cell. This is in contrast to hepatitis C virus, which has no such viral reservoir and can now be cured with as little as 12 weeks of treatment.

What disease can Hepatitis B cause?

For other people, acute hepatitis B leads to life-long infection known as chronic hepatitis B. Over time, chronic hepatitis B can cause serious health problems, including liver damage, cirrhosis, liver cancer, and even death.

Which hepatitis is curable?

All types of hepatitis are treatable but only A and C are curable. Most people with hepatitis A or hepatitis B infection will recover on their own, with no lasting liver damage. In rare cases, people with hepatitis B will develop chronic liver disease, including cirrhosis, liver failure, or liver cancer.

How bad is hepatitis B?

Chronic hepatitis B is a serious disease that can result in long-term health problems, including liver damage, liver failure, liver cancer or even death. Approximately 1,800 people die every year from hepatitis B-related liver disease.

Which hepatitis is the most contagious?

Hepatitis A can be spread from close, personal contact with an infected person, such as through certain types of sexual contact (like oral-anal sex), caring for someone who is ill, or using drugs with others. Hepatitis A is very contagious, and people can even spread the virus before they feel sick.

Which hepatitis is not curable?

How to prevent hepatitis B. Hepatitis B is a liver infection caused by a virus (called the hepatitis B virus, or HBV). It can be serious and there’s no cure, but the good news is it’s easy to prevent. You can protect yourself by getting the hepatitis B vaccine and having safer sex.

Which sign or symptom occurs early in hepatitis B infection?

Nausea and vomiting. Weakness and fatigue. Yellowing of your skin and the whites of your eyes (jaundice)

What organs are affected by Hepatitis B?

Hepatitis B (HBV) is a virus that attacks the liver. It causes the liver to become inflamed (swollen). Over time, the liver can become badly damaged.

Can Hep C be cured completely?

The Hepatitis C virus is considered “cured” if the virus is not detected in your blood when measured with a blood test 3 months after treatment is completed. This is called a sustained virologic response (SVR) and data suggest that you will stay virus free indefinitely.

What organ is primarily affected by hepatitis B and C?

Hepatitis B and C are common blood-borne viral infections that primarily affect the liver. About 350 million people are infected with hepatitis B across the globe, and there are about 1.2 million cases in the United States.

Does Hepatitis B attack the immune system?

They help the virus by tricking our immune system. How do they do that? As with other viruses, our immune system recognizes hepatitis B as an invader. It mounts an immune response.

Can hepatitis B go away completely?

There’s no cure for hepatitis B. The good news is it usually goes away by itself in 4 to 8 weeks. More than 9 out of 10 adults who get hepatitis B totally recover. However, about 1 in 20 people who get hepatitis B as adults become “carriers,” which means they have a chronic (long-lasting) hepatitis B infection.