Who Schedule For Immunization?

Why is BCG given in left arm?

The vaccine is given just under the skin (intradermally), usually in the left upper arm.

This is the recommended site, so that small scar left after vaccination can be easily found in the future as evidence of previous vaccination..

What are the challenges facing immunization in Nigeria?

Additional challenges for improving immunisation coverage in Nigeria have included lack of political will and commitment, paucity of funds, poor community participation and limited scaling-up of cost effective interventions. Outside a health centre after the introduction of pentavalent vaccine in 2013.

What are the diseases prevented by vaccine?

Inhabitants of areas where vaccine-preventable diseases are endemic who are travelling to non-endemic areas should be adequately vaccinated to prevent introduction/reintroduction of diseases such as polio, yellow fever, measles and rubella.

What is a booster injection?

After initial immunization, a booster injection or booster dose is a re-exposure to the immunizing antigen. It is intended to increase immunity against that antigen back to protective levels, after memory against that antigen has declined through time.

How long does BCG last?

The BCG vaccination is thought to protect up to 80% of people against the most severe forms of TB for at least 15 years, perhaps even up to 60 years.

National Immunization ScheduleVaccineWhen to givePentavalent vaccine – 1, 2 & 36 weeks, 10 weeks & 14 weeksRVV 1, 2 & 3At 6 weeks, 10 weeks & 14 weeksPCV 1, 2 & BoosterAt 6 weeks, 14 weeks & 9 monthsMCV 1/ MR 19 completed months – to 12 months. Give up to 5yrs if not received at 9 – 12 months age20 more rows

What are the types of immunization?

There are 4 main types of vaccines: Live-attenuated vaccines. Inactivated vaccines. Subunit, recombinant, polysaccharide, and conjugate vaccines….Inactivated vaccinesHepatitis A.Flu (shot only)Polio (shot only)Rabies.

How are vaccines carried?

Immunization is done through various techniques, most commonly vaccination. [1] Vaccines against microorganisms that cause diseases can prepare the body’s immune system, thus helping to fight or prevent an infection.

What is the first vaccine given to a baby?

Shortly after birth, your baby should receive the first dose of the vaccine to help protect against the following disease: Hepatitis B (HepB) (1st dose)

How many vaccines does a newborn get?

Your child should receive 5 doses of DTaP. The first dose should be given at 2 months, the second dose at 4 months, the third dose at 6 months, the fourth dose at 15–18 months, and the fifth dose at 4–6 years. Your child should receive 3–4 doses of Hib vaccine (depending on the brand of vaccine).

Which vaccine is given at birth?

Birth. HepB: Hepatitis B vaccine. Ideally, the first dose is given within 24 hours of birth, but kids not previously immunized can get it at any age. Some low birth weight infants will get it at 1 month or when they’re discharged from the hospital.

What is the schedule for immunization shots?

Birth to 15 MonthsVaccine2 mos15 mosDiphtheria, tetanus, & acellular pertussis (DTaP: <7 yrs)1st dose←4th dose→haemophilus influenzae type b (hib)1st dose←3rd or 4th dose, see notes→pneumococcal conjugate (pcv13)1st dose→inactivated poliovirus (ipv: <18 dose→12 more rows•feb 3, 2020

WHO list of essential vaccines?

9 Vaccines for Your Kids – A Guide to Essential ImmunizationsDiphtheria, tetanus and acellular pertussis (DTaP) The DTaP vaccine protects against three serious bacterial diseases: diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis. … Inactivated poliovirus. … Measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) … Hepatitis B. … Varicella (chickenpox) … Haemophilus influenzae type b. … Pneumococcal conjugate. … Meningococcal.More items…•

What is the current immunization schedule in Nigeria?

OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine)—at birth and at 6, 10, and 14 weeks of age. DPT (Diphtheria, pertusis, tetanus)—at 6, 10, and 14 weeks of age. Hepatitis B—at birth, 6 and 14 weeks. Measles—at 9 months of age.

What is full immunization?

According to the WHO guideline [1], “complete or full immunization” coverage is defined as a child that has received one dose of BCG, three doses of pentavalent, pneumococcal conjugate (PCV), oral polio vaccines (OPV); two doses of Rota virus and one dose of measles vaccine.

What are the 5 types of vaccines?

As mentioned earlier, there are five main types of vaccines: attenuated (live) vaccines, inactivated vaccines, toxoid vaccines, subunit vaccines, and conjugate vaccines.

What vaccine was given with a gun?

1967: Nicaraguans undergoing smallpox vaccinations nicknamed the gun-like jet injectors (Ped-O-Jet and Med-E-Jet) as “la pistola de la paz”, meaning “the pistol of peace”.

What vaccine was given in the arm that left a scar?

Both the Smallpox and BCG vaccines leave a scar on the upper arm. Your scar is from the BCG vaccine. We will explain how we know this and we will explain the BCG vaccine. Smallpox is a horrible disease that caused a scarring rash and killed many people.